Publication
Incorporating Leadership to Enhance Digitalized Rural Development in Bangladesh: An Empirical Study

NAPD Development Review 2021-2022 (Volume-31): Article - 6 (Page 107-128)

Abstract

Comprehensive rural development in Bangladesh is a new approach that includes raising the productivity and real income including employment opportunities in farm and non-farm sectors, safety nets, institutional links to ensure smooth policy function, appropriate management technologies and organizational innovations to ensure access of the beneficiaries to inputs and resources in the era of public management. This study has attempted to explore prerequisite qualities of strong leadership in order to incorporate the level of citizen-centric smart governance system from the perspective of civil servants, community workers and local leaders focusing on the implementation of the comprehensive rural development attempts in Bangladesh. It is an exploratory and descriptive study conducting both in qualitative and quantitative manner. It has also endeavored to identify potential strong qualities of strong leaders for implementing smart governance in comprehensive rural development programs from the perception of selected Bangladesh Civil Service Cadre officers, community workers and local leaders. Rural development is always an important policy package of the Government of Bangladesh where public and social organizations are likely to step into the role of an effective promoter of network and smart governance in rural development for the fulfillment of basic needs of the rural beneficiaries. This is in line with the goals of basic need approach, however, at times problems of the disadvantaged groups have been addressed through ICT. Digital Bangladesh as a part of smart governance in this country involves reconsidering the whole rural development system crosswise in all levels of government from a voter perspective. It is projected that a pro-citizen leadership approach will empower the government to achieve crucial efficiency and expand service delivery levels in the rural area of Bangladesh.

Publication
Rawhide Based Entrepreneurs: An Assessment among the Rishi Dalit of Tala Upazila of Bangladesh

NAPD Development Review 2021-2022 (Volume-31): Article - 5 (Page 87-106)

Abstract

This paper examines the scenario of work and livelihood patterns of rawhide-based entrepreneurs in the rishi Dalit community of Tala Upazila (sub-district) under the Satkhira district of Bangladesh. Its main concern is to focus on different dimensions of rawhide-based entrepreneurs in managing their services such as average working hours, income, the average cost per activity, value, availability of raw materials, preservation days by experience, place of sale, and material for preservation, etc. The study mainly relies on primary data collection through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) among the 25 rawhide-based entrepreneurs in the rishi Dalit community in a Upazila. It also highlights that lack of high technology, appropriate training, and financial support, they cannot complete the whole process of leather. To improve the raw leather-based service appropriate measurement should be taken immediately to protect and preserve this old service.

Publication
Financial Inclusion and Agent Banking in Bangladesh: A Pilot Study on the Determinants of Agent Banking Adoption

NAPD Development Review 2021-2022 (Volume-31): Article - 4 (Page 67-86)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing agent banking adoption in Bangladesh. This study employed the innovation diffusion theory and expanded the model to incorporate perceived risk, perceived trust, and knowledge. This research followed a quantitative and cross-sectional approach, employing purposive sampling to choose five of nineteen banks in Bangladesh's Dhaka division and administering structured questionnaires. As a consequence, the pilot study obtained 100 legitimate replies, which were analyzed using the SPSS version 25 program. The study discovered five factors; awareness, relative advantages, perceived risk, perceived ease of use, and perceived trust grouped from a pool of items analyzed.

Publication
Export-led Growth (ELG) Hypothesis in BCIM Countries: A Panel Econometric Analysis

NAPD Development Review 2021-2022 (Volume-31): Article - 3 (Page 45-66)

Abstract

The study explores the stability and causality of export-led growth (ELG) hypothesis for Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar commonly known as BCIM countries. ADF and KPSS unit root tests are employed to check the stationarity of time series data and ARDL approach for long-run co-integration among the variables. MWALD Granger causality test is also used to determine the direction of causality among the variables. It is found that both export-led growth (ELG) and growth-led export (GLE) hypotheses are stable in Bangladesh and India; only ELG theorem is relevant to China; and GLE hypothesis is valid in case of Myanmar. In this study, unidirectional and bidirectional causal associations between the variables determine the relevance to ELG and GLE hypotheses in the context of BCIM countries. It is mentionable that any joint step of BCIM countries is critical to promote exports by penetrating new destinations with diversification of exports of goods and services. The study findings also suggest that the potential for utilizing unused resources of these countries to promote exports in order to reach spectacular growth path.

Publication
Achievement of Sustainable Development Goals: Integrating Sustainability in Project Management

NAPD Development Review 2021-2022 (Volume-31): Article - 2 (Page 17-44)

Abstract

This critical review draws on the increasing body of research on SDGs and sustainability in project management through the general project management literature and the relevant professional studies and reports that promote sustainability in project management. This is the first paper that takes the SDGs serious as an imperative and allows the project management profession to rise to the occasion. This review establishes a conceptual framework to systematically formulate, monitor and evalutate the projects as delivery process for SDGs, to identify appropriate tools to measure the performance of projects against the SDGs and sustainability.

Publication
Lesson Learned: Hosting Sixth International Conference on Chemical Engineering Virtually in the Midst of Pandemic

NAPD Development Review 2021-2022 (Volume-31): Article-1 (Page 01-16)

Abstract

The Sixth International Conference on Chemical Engineering organized by the Department of Chemical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) was scheduled to be held on 19-22 December, 2020. When COVID-19 caused cancellation of all large in-person gatherings across the world as well as international travel, the organizing committee of ICChE 2020 decided to switch to complete virtual mode in September 2020. Soon after, the committee faced the biggest challenge as to how to deal with 250+ participants joining from fourteen different countries to attend five plenary lectures, fourteen keynotes and seventy-five technical papers, and a poster session in a two full and two half day program keeping the sense of engagement and connection in a virtual environment. In this paper the journey from preparatory stage through setting the virtual platform to conducting the conference in real time is described including the choice of online platform, mode of conduct, manpower allocation, trial sessions and preparation of guidelines. The difficulties faced by the organizers and lesson learned are discussed based on detail analysis of the event. Additionally, a survey result of the participants showing that conference was more or less successful in terms of knowledge dissemination and meeting the expectations of participants and speakers is also presented.